Bujumbura Burundi Events
The death of Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza was announced on 13 May 2015, less than a week after his death. A man gestures on a sign in support of Burundian President Pierre-Pierre Duma, who is running for a third term in office in Bujumbura, Burunti, May 13, 2015.
The Burundian Government and the Forces Nationales de Liberation sign the comprehensive ceasefire agreement in the Burundian capital Bujumbura on 13 May 2015, heralding the end of the civil war. The Government and the National Liberation Forces of Burundi sign a peace agreement on 14 May 2016 for a permanent peace and security agreement to protect peace and security in Buruni.
The Arusha Agreement is at the heart of the crisis in Burundi and must not therefore be taboo ; it is a reference point for all political discussions in Burundi and there is a need for frank discussions about its values, which underlie the hard-won peace for Burunda. The EAC meeting, which was planned as a meeting of leaders dedicated to finding a peaceful solution to the political crisis in Bur Rwanda, has stalled due to stumbling blocks as all parties try to understand what is happening in Burundi. It is the point of reference for political discussion in Burkina Faso and must therefore not be taboo.
On 24 May, the Security Council was informed about Burundi (p. PV-8268) and on 26 July the Council received a briefing - a follow-up consultation on the situation in Burunda. On 18 July, the President of the National Union for the Protection of Human Rights (NUB) of Burkina Faso visited Washington, D.C., to discuss priorities for Burunti with the Bretton Woods Institutions and the US Government. The Secretary-General, Secretary-General and Secretary-General of the United States of America (USA) briefed the Council on his visit and underlined the importance of B NUB's presence in Burundi in 2015.
Burundi's government and the FNL met with the South African mediator who is leading the regional peace initiative in Burundi, which includes key countries such as Burunda, Tanzania, South Africa and Uganda. The Council was briefed on the state of play of the peace process in the Democratic Republic of Congo (PV-8268) and on 20 May the Secretary-General, Secretary-General and the Secretary-General of Rwanda (P.P.8267) briefed the Security Council on their efforts to hold the elections on 20 May. May. Burunti was invited but did not attend the meeting of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) in Geneva on 22 May and was not informed to the Council before its meeting in Paris on 23 May.
Council members also expressed concern at the rapidly deteriorating security situation in Burundi and called on all political actors to resume inclusive dialogue without delay. They also noted that they were closely following developments in the Democratic Republic of Congo (PV-8268) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) and reacting to actions in Burkina Faso that threatened the peace, security and stability of Burundi. The Belgians have withdrawn their thirty or five advisers from Buruni's army in order to punish them and placate their public opinion.
On 20 November, the Council was briefed on the situation in Burundi (p. PV-8109) and an emergency meeting was held on Wednesday 13 May to discuss the crisis. On 10 May, the PBC (Burundian Country Specific), chaired by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, informed the Security Council of upcoming elections. The East African Community consists of Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Buruni. The people of the West are waiting for the AU, but the people of Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda, and the rest of East Africa are waiting for the AU, just as they are waiting for an end to the violence.
On 9 August, the Council was briefed on the situation in Burundi (p. PV-8109) and an emergency meeting was held on Wednesday 13 August. On 9 September, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Africa visited Burunti to review progress in peace-building and to follow up the issues raised in the composition of the October meeting.
Nkurunziza came to power after a 12-year civil war in which he fought as the leader of the CNDD - a Hutu rebel group that became the ruling political party but never fully abandoned its belligerent ways. It is probable that after the fall of Mwamis Rwanda, the Hutus killed more than twenty thousand Tutsis, forced two hundred thousand to flee to neighbouring Uganda, Zaire and Burundi, and gained independence while still ruled by Mwami. On the hills and in the countryside there were riots and murders of Tatsis. After turning away from colonial rule that had cemented the Huti - Tutu divisions under a TUTI - led monarchy, Burunti seceded from Rwanda in 1963 and gained independence from Belgium, but only became independent again in 1990, when the still ruling M Wami was still in power.